Protect those who oppose Assad’s brutality

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Protections needed to defend those who oppose Syria’s brutality
By Ray Hanania — The “Shabbiha” are a notorious Syrian militia who protect the regime of dictator Bashar al-Assad.

They have been accused of murdering families linked to pro-Democracy protestors in Homs and other major Syrian cities over the past months since protests to overthrow the Assad dictatorship began last year.

As the United States engages the Syrian dictatorship and sets the stage for a violent transition as they did through NATO In Libyan, Americans need to be concerned about the Shabbiha’s ties to extremist Arab groups in this country.

Shabbiha means “ghosts” in Arabic but the presence of pro-Syrian activism in the United States is no secret and they don’t take place in shadows.

The cause of defending Assad has been taken up by several major American Arab newspapers and American Arab and Muslim organizations in cities across the country where American Arab populations are sizable. Many of the pro-Assad rallies are backed by pro-Hezbollah sympathizers.

Not enough is being done to protect the voices challenging Assad’s policies.

Part of the problem is that the United States still continues to view the American Arab community through a single lense of suspicion. As smart as American “intelligence” is about terrorism threats overseas, they are uneducated about the threat right here in our own backyard.

So rather than distinguish between the good and the bad, they lump all American Arabs into the same pot of suspicion, together. But that policy only makes it easier for the activists to promote their agenda and build support for the Syrian dictator and other Arab world despots.

Unlike the politics that have brought American Arabs together in near unanimity for change in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya and Bahrain, the protests in Syria have divided the American Arab community as it has divided the Arab World.

The division is based on religious and sectarian ideology which drives much of the politics in the Arab World. Most Arabs are of the Sunni Muslim faith. A large segment are followers of the Shi’ite faith which is the pre-eminent religion in Iran, Syria’s neighbor. The Syrian despot Assad is Alawite, which is a minority group and spin-off of the Shi’ite religion, sometimes called Alawi Shias.

Naturally, they, Shi’ites have come to the defense of the Syrian regime in a way that Arabs did not defend dictatorships in Egypt, Libya or other Arab countries experiencing varying degrees of pro-Democracy protests. Syria itself is predominantly Sunni with a large Shi’ite population tied to Iran and the Alawites, the small minority sect that has the country in a fatal stranglehold.

That’s one reason why the Arab League, usually an incompetent fraternity of failed Arab World policy, has rallied against Syria. Until Syria’s people’s revolt, the Arab League was tongue-tied when it came to revolutions in Egypt and Libya but they are leading the charge against Syria.

That’s the religious foundation of the split which has a political character, too.

Syria is one of the “Confrontation States” that has challenged Israel in four major wars and dozens of minor violent skirmishes. Those “Confrontation States” included Egypt and Jordan, too. But Egypt and Jordan each sold out the Palestinian cause, signing empty peace agreements with Israel in exchange for billions in support from Israel’s sponsor, the United States.

Syria has remained militantly anti-Israel and championed the extremists in the Palestinian cause, arresting activists who have advocated compromise with Israel.

Syria is the home for the real leadership of Hamas in the Gaza Strip, although the protests have made it difficult for Hamas to maintain their presence there. And Syria is the fuel for the rise of Hezbollah, the Shi’ite mini-state in Lebanon. Hamas is Sunni but Syria’s uncompromising stand against Israel has won the hearts of Hamas activists.

Christians have been ambivalent about Syria because despite the brutality of the Assad regime, the Alawites have been far more tolerant of Christian activism in Syria than any other Arab country.

Most Christian Arabs are marginalized, especially in the era of the rise of Islamic politics. Arab Muslims always cite them as “brothers” who have spilt blood for the Palestinian cause, but when it comes to activism, the Islamic the rise of Islamic “nationalism” linking the Arab and non-Arab Muslim worlds have made Christians who don’t toe the line of the extremist agenda precarious targets. In fact, anti-Israel activists and many anti-Semitic groups are behind the rise of hatred against Christian Palestinian activists like myself who support the use of non-violence as a foundation for compromise with Israel.

This division between pro- and anti-Syrian groups in the American Arab community has flourished under the radar screen because of America’s chosen policy to ignore moderates and lump them all in as “extremists.” The extremists in the pro-Israel movement have helped to undermine Arab moderate voices, too, concluding that it is better to not have any Arab voices that moderate Arab voices who still criticize Israel. Those pro-Israel groups, like AIPAC, have helped define the American policy towards American Arabs.

So far, this growing pro-Syria movement in the United States has remained under this radar screen of uneducated understanding. Many of these pro-Syrian activists in the United States receive funding and political support from Assad’s regime.

As a result, pro-Assad activists have been able to openly hold their rallies, write columns cheering Assad in Arabic in local American Arab publications, and posting pro-Assad videos on Youtube, all mostly in the Arabic language to avoid easy scrutiny.

This disturbing but growing pro-Assad movement has stepped up their pressure on American Arabs who have challenged Assad and are monitoring anti-Syrian groups in the United States for the Shabbiha which hunts down and identifies their relatives in Syria.

In fact, you haven’t seen many anti-Assad protests in the American Arab community in part because of that fear. It’s no different than the activism that was funded through the end of the 20th Century by Iraq’s Saddam Hussein. Many of those activists were arrested while no such move has been made against the pro-Syrian leaders here.

The pro-Syria movement in the United States is a major threat not just to the American Arab moderate voices but also to America itself.

(Ray Hanania is an award winning Palestinian American columnist and radio talk show host.

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Ray Hanania

Ray Hanania

Ray Hanania is an award winning political and humor columnist who analyzes American and Middle East politics, and life in general. He is an author of several books.

"I write about three topics, the Middle East, politics and life in general. I often take my life experiences and offer them in an entertaining way to readers, and I take on the toughest topics like the Israel-Palestine conflict and don't pull any punches about what I feel is fair. But, my priority is always about writing the good story."

Hanania covered Chicago Politics and Chicago City Hall from 1976 through 1992. Hanania began writing in 1975 when he published The Middle Eastern Voice newspaper in Chicago (1975-1977). He later published “The National Arab American Times” newspaper which was distributed through 12,500 Middle East food stores in 48 American States (2004-2007).

Hanania writes weekly columns on Middle East and American Arab issues for the Arab News in Saudi Arabia at, and at, and at He has also published weekly columns in the Jerusalem Post newspaper,, Newsday Newspaper in New York, the Orlando Sentinel Newspapers, and the Arlington Heights Daily Herald.

Palestinian, American Arab and Christian, Hanania’s parents originate from Jerusalem and Bethlehem.

Hanania is the recipient of four (4) Chicago Headline Club “Peter Lisagor Awards” for Column writing. In November 2006, he was named “Best Ethnic American Columnist” by the New American Media. In 2009, Hanania received the prestigious Sigma Delta Chi Award for Writing from the Society of Professional Journalists. He is the recipient of the MT Mehdi Courage in Journalism Award. He was honored for his writing skills with two (2) Chicago Stick-o-Type awards from the Chicago Newspaper Guild. In 1990, Hanania was nominated by the Chicago Sun-Times editors for a Pulitzer Prize for his four-part series on the Palestinian Intifada.

His writings have also been honored by two national Awards from ADC for his writing, and from the National Arab American Journalists Association.

The managing editor of Suburban Chicagoland Online News website, Hanania's columns also appear in the Southwest News Newspaper Group of 8 newspapers.

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Ray Hanania